International Anti-Doping Activity

WADA was established in 1999 as an international independent agency composed and funded equally by the sport movement and governments of the world. Its key activities include scientific research, education, development of anti-doping capacities, and monitoring of the World Anti Doping Code (Code) — the document harmonizing anti-doping policies in all sports and all countries.

WADA works towards a vision of a world where all athletes compete in a doping-free sporting environment.

In February 2003 International Olympic Committee (IOC) and World Anti Doping Agency (WADA) officially declared about foundation of World Anti Doping Code (Code) and informed all National Olympic Committees (NOCs) about mandatory signing of this document and its acceptance. All NOCs of the world supported the initiative of IOC and expressed availability to sign it.

From 3 to 5 March 2003, at the International Conference against doping in sport held in Copenhagen (Denmark) with participation of representatives of IOC and wide variety of NOCs Code was ratified and became practically the first big international document against doping, offered by WADA.

The Code includes the main aspects of anti doping policy as well as is the policy document in fight against doping in sport. Sport Olympic Movement already implemented this Code during the Olympic Games in Athens 2004.As indicated in Olympic Charter- Code is mandatory for all Olympic Movement and its ratification was one of the main conditions for participation of NOCs in the Olympic Games. At present 626 International Organizations and 205 NOC, include NOC Uzbekistan signed and ratified the Code.
However, taking into consideration the fact that for many Governments some non-governmental documents can not be constituently mandatory which is the Code, Governments prepared doping-free sport Declaration- the political document by means of which through its signing all Governments officially accept and fulfill the Code as International agreement. The aim of the Declaration — facilitation of the process of implementation both the WADA Code and support of WADA activity.

The next step for WADA was direct adoption a Declaration «Declaration against doping in sport», which was mandatory for signing by the countries which had accepted the WADA Code and supported the activity of the Agency all over the world. At present about 200, include Uzbekistan signed and adopted the Declaration at level of Ministries of Sport or equated government department.

The main role of the member countries besides acceptance of the WADA activity was cooperation in the intergovernmental collaboration, coordination of anti doping policy and practice in sport, assuming the measures by the corresponding legislative and administrative actions in restriction of accessibility and usage of prohibited substances and methods in sport, adoption of national anti doping programs, cooperation in the field of anti doping control.

The Declaration also provides proportional forming of the WADA budget which is formed from the 50% of annual installment of IOC and 50% are pay by the member countries of Declaration.

For the purpose of deepest interaction and coordination at the government level in the fight against doping, the General Conference of United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO) at the 33rd Session held from 3 to 21 October 2005 in Paris (France) adopted International Convention against doping in sport. Since 19th October 2005 the Convention is open for ratification for all countries of the world, and at present, according to WADA report, about 136 countries of the world ratified Convention. Uzbekistan as a full-fledged member ratified Convention on 27th December 2010.

Convention against doping in sport represents an instrument of humanitarian international law on which anti doping policy of IOC is based and is recommended to all countries for adoption at the governmental level.

The main purpose of UNESCO Convention is the creation of foundation for collaboration between countries and Governments on the one hand, and Sport Olympic Movement from the other hand. Governments have more control in fight against doping in sport, more power key factors which Olympic Movement doesn’t possess. In many countries of the world ratification of the Convention allows Governments make amendments in the law about usage and spreading of doping-containing drugs as well as creation the system of their detection, organization of proper doping control. Also countries can support national anti doping programs, take measures in point of manufactures of doping and traffic doping drugs.

WADA headquarters are in Montreal (Canada). WADA Executive Committee is represented by 38 members, 19 are representatives of the countries, signed the UNESCO Convention (Asia is represented by Japan, China, Malaysia, and Jordan) and 19 are represented by various sport organizations (scheme 50/50). The WADA Chairman is elected in rotation one representative from sport or state. Designation of Vice-President goes the same.